In heat exchangers, circuiting refers to the pattern by which the working fluid travels from the coil’s supply to its return. Also relating to coil circuiting is the orientation in which the coil is installed, relative to the direction of the application’s airflow.
Coil circuiting and its relationship with the application’s airflow are critical considerations of coil design, as proper circuiting can help increase the heat transfer coefficient of the heat exchanger.
On the other hand, improper circuiting can lessen a coil’s effectiveness and even cause damage, like tube erosion resulting from insufficient calculations for fluid velocity, for example. So, it’s important to understand the forces at play before deciding on a circuiting layout.